This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.
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Zimbabwean prosecutors have charged one of President Robert Mugabe's cabinet ministers with bribery and abuse of office in the first corruption case against a senior government official since 2004. Critics and the opposition accuse Mugabe of turning a blind eye to graft, especially among his close allies and ministers, and say endemic corruption is one reason that foreign companies are not investing. Martin Dinha, Minister of Provincial Affairs for Mashonaland Central Province, north of the capital Harare, appeared at the Bindura magistrates court in the province on Wednesday, where he was charged and then released on $1,000 bail. According to the charge sheet seen by Reuters on Thursday, Dinha demanded and was paid $60,000 in 2012 to protect a white farmer who faced eviction from his farm. Prosecutor Nguni Nguni said Dinha abused his position as minister and head of a committee that distributes land to people in his province to get a bribe from farmer Guy Frank Dollar. Dinha has denied the accusation but is yet to make a plea in court, his lawyer Tapson Dzvetero said. The trial is due to start on Oct. 19. The charges were politically motivated, Dzvetero said, but gave no further details. Mugabe's government has seized more than 4,000 white-owned commercial farms in a land reform exercise that often benefits senior ruling ZANU-PF party and government officials. The last government minister to be charged with graft was Chris Kuruneri, who was acquitted in 2007. Zimbabwe was last year ranked 156 out of 174 countries on the Transparency International index, which measures public perceptions of corruption in public institutions.
What are the main functions and operations of your agency?
QUESTION #11 FROM OUR SURVEYS
- A review of the literature on ACAs indicates that there is no standard approach or model when it comes to the establishment of an ACA and the definition of its mandate.
- Some ACAs have been created from scratch, while others have built on existing ombudsman offices, special units within police departments, or justice departments.
- The ACAs included in this initiative are no different. The majority of ACAs have some preventive and investigating functions, but prosecution is carried out by less than half.
Apr 09, 2015
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an... Read More
OF COUNTRIES HAVE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION LAWS
FROM OUR COUNTRY CROSS-ANALYSIS
The existence of anti-corruption laws is the first step in addressing corruption and creating an enabling environment for ACAs to operate effectively. Anti-corruption laws and regulations such as freedom of information, conflict of interest legislation, whistle-blower protection and financial disclosure, can facilitate the investigative and prosecution functions of ACAs.
For this reason, many countries have introduced this type of laws, as the data collected highlights. This may appear encouraging for the seemingly widespread existence of a comprehensive legal system in support of ACAs activities. It is however important to stress that the data presented capture the existence of the laws (“de jure” system) and not whether the laws are implemented (“de facto”).